This paper addresses the sanitation challenge in India, where it is home to the majority of people defecating in the open in the world and also one of the top rapidly growing emerging economies. The paper focuses on the need for a reliable and timely monitoring system to ensure investments in sanitation lead to commensurate outcomes.
- Recent trends in the rural sanitation sector in India, and across the world, have identified motivating sustainable behavior change rather than just creating infrastructure as the key outcome of a successful sanitation program.
- To ensure investments in sanitation lead to commensurate outcomes, the sector needs a reliable and timely monitoring system.
- Using smartphones can provide quick, reliable information on sector outcomes in near real time, unlike that provided by conventional surveys.
- Features such as geo-tagging and photographs of respondents ensure results are more credible and relevant.
- Presentation of data is user-friendly and maps enable a viewer to grasp the status of rural sanitation in a geographical unit at a glance.