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Everytown For Gun Safety Support Fund;
This report is divided into five sections discussing bereavement and grief from gun death, healing after gun injuries, living in fear of gun violence, the impact of persistent gun violence, and recommendations for how to better support survivors and prevent violence.We strive to center the experiences of survivors, and through this work we hope to honor them by providing a deeper understanding of who they are, what they have experienced, and how we can better support them.
IntroductionChild Access Prevention Negligent Storage (CAP-NS) laws seek to reduce pediatric firearm injury by imposing sanctions on gun owners if children gain access to unlocked guns. Whether these laws affect the storage behavior they aim to encourage is not known because historical panel data on firearm storage do not exist. As a result, assessing how much, if at all, firearm storage changed because of CAP-NS laws requires an indirect approach.MethodsData for this study came from a web-based survey conducted by the research firm Ipsos from July 30, 2019 to August 11, 2019. Respondents were adult gun owners drawn from an online sampling frame comprising approximately 55,000 U.S. adults recruited using address-based sampling methods to be representative of the U.S. population. The primary outcome was the proportion of gun owners in CAP-NS versus non-CAP-NS states who had ≥1 unlocked firearm. Estimates are presented by CAP-NS status, for gun owners overall and for those who live with children, before and after adjusting for potential confounders. Data were analyzed in 2021.ResultsIn adjusted analyses, gun owners in CAP-NS states were no more likely to lock firearms than were those in states without these laws. In addition, most gun owners reported not knowing whether they lived in a state with a CAP-NS law.ConclusionsCAP-NS laws have at best modest effects on firearm storage. If the storage effect is as small as this study indicates, the mortality benefits previously attributed to CAP-NS laws are overstated. As such, developing interventions that effectively reduce firearm mortality by reducing access to firearms remains an urgent clinical and public policy priority.
Project HOPE's response to the Ukraine crisis continues to expand across the region, including a second shipment of medical supplies that is being delivered this week to a neonatal hospital in Kyiv. Meanwhile, Project HOPE is also expanding the capacity for a Ukranian non-governmental organization in Kyiv to purchase and transport medicines and medical supplies to civilian hospitals in the country. We continue to assess health needs across Ukraine, including in Lviv and Kyiv, and are working to establish transit routes to get medicines and medical supplies in.In Moldova, Project HOPE is procuring and delivering key medical supplies to the Ministry of Health to serve refugees. These supplies include an Interagency Emergency Health Kit (IEHK), hygiene kits, and Non-Food Items (NFIs). Our team is also assessing needs and contingency planning for health facilities in Poland as refugee numbers increase demand on the Polish health system.In Romania, Project HOPE is identifying local partners for Mental Health and Sexual Gender-Based Violence support for refugees. We are also sourcing hygiene kits, medical supplies, and medicines for transport into Ukraine as well as for the refugee population. Our team is also establishing a relationship with a key partner to send supplies into Odessa.Project HOPE will continue to closely monitor the situation as it unfolds in order to respond to the most pressing health and humanitarian needs among affected populations.
International Medical Corps;
On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered a "special military operation" in Ukraine, leading to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. Since the crisis began, at least 3,090 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 1,189 killed.In the five weeks since the invasion, there have been 82 confirmed attacks on healthcare facilities, as well as personnel, transport and warehouses. The destruction to Ukraine infrastructure has surpassed $119 billion in losses, including damage or destruction to nearly 8,000 kilometers of roads, railroads and rail stations, and airports. More than 831,000 Ukrainians remain without electricity, and 6 million have limited to no access to safe water.Though various oblasts throughout Ukraine have experienced devastating damage and losses, Mariupol remains the sole city that remains inaccessible to humanitarian aid. Access issues and security threats continue to prevent humanitarian convoys from delivering aid to the city, despite efforts to reach civilians for more than a month.Since the invasion, more than 4 million people have fled Ukraine. As of March 31, at least 2,336,799 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 608,936 had entered Romania, 387,151 had entered Moldova, 364,804 had entered Hungary, 281,172 had entered Slovakia, 350,632 had fled to Russia and 10,902 had fled to Belarus.
The Global Fund;
The Global Fund was created 20 years ago to fight what were then the deadliest pandemics confronting humanity: HIV and AIDS, TB and malaria. Since then, our unique partnership has saved 44 million lives and cut the death rates from the three diseases by more than half. Together, we have proven that with science, adequate resources and effective global collaboration, we can force even the deadliest diseases into retreat. Today, we are the world's largest multilateral organization fighting the world's deadliest pandemics: HIV, TB, malaria and now COVID-19. As the largest multilateral provider of grants in global health and the only multilateral agency specifically created to fight pandemics, the Global Fund partnership is uniquely placed to collaborate with partners to support countries to prevent, prepare for and respond to pandemics.
Violence Policy Center;
In 2020, firearm fatalities exceeded motor vehicle fatalities in 34 states and the District of Columbia, the most recent year for which state-level data is available for both products from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That year, gun deaths (including gun suicide, homicide, and fatal unintentional shootings) outpaced motor vehicle deaths in Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. In just over a decade, the number of states plus the District of Columbia where gun deaths exceed motor vehicle deaths has increased from just 13 in 2010 to 35 in 2020—a jump of 169 percent.
Atlantic Council of the United States;
When Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, 2022, it soon began implementing one of its frequent--and criminal--tactics that it had already been using in its military intervention in Syria: bombing healthcare and medical facilities. Syrian government forces first began targeting health workers in Syria in 2011 at the start of the Syria crisis, and Russia joined them in targeting the healthcare system upon its official entrance to the conflict in 2015. Over the course of the conflict, over 90 percent of 601 recorded attacks on medical facilities were attributable to either Syrian or Russian forces. In Ukraine, Russia has reportedly perpetrated more than 200 attacks on healthcare facilities and ambulances since the start of the invasion. The well-documented pattern of targeted attacks on healthcare in Syria and Ukraine undermines long-established and hard-won provisions under international humanitarian law intended to protect civilians during conflict. Despite the scale of the problem, which extends beyond Syria and Ukraine, there has been no prominent criminal prosecution of any alleged perpetrators of attacks on healthcare in any conflict, no establishment of a UN mandate dedicated to this issue, and no task force created by national governments specifically aimed at prevention of and accountability for these crimes. The international community's failure to compel meaningful action to stop the criminal practice of targeting healthcare in conflict after conflict has resulted in continued deaths of health workers and civilian populations.In a new issue brief by the Atlantic Council Strategic Litigation Project's Elise Baker and Gissou Nia, the two propose recommendations to UN bodies, the World Health Organization, national governments and other institutions and decision makers for concrete actions to prevent future attacks and advance accountability for past ones.
International Medical Corps;
The Russian invasion of Ukraine that began on February 24 has led to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II, with more than 12 million people forcibly displaced. In addition, since the war began, at least 5,840 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 2,729 killed.Now, two months since the conflict began, 24 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance. The most recent needs assessment conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that one in three Ukrainian households have at least one person with a chronic disease who is unable to easily access healthcare. Such challenges are expected to be exacerbated as the conflict continues.Since the invasion, more than 5.3 million people have fled Ukraine. As of April 28, at least 2,944,164 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 783,420 had entered Romania, 437,362 had entered Moldova, 502,142 had entered Hungary and 360,458 had entered Slovakia, while 627,512 had entered Russia and 24,719 had entered Belarus.
Health Care Without Harm;
This report provides a strategic framework for building truly climate-resilient health systems and communities, and explores how health care institutions can leverage investments to support equitable decarbonization and build community resilience, health, and wealth. Through case studies, this paper outlines actions health systems can take to improve their ability to adapt and recover from climate-driven service impacts, strengthen long-term sustainability, and support health and equity in the communities they serve.
Las juventudes son una de las poblaciones que se han visto y se verán más afectadas por los impactos a largo plazo de la pandemia, más aún para aquellas personas jóvenes que viven y/o son parte de comunidades que han sido históricamente excluidas, como los pueblos y comunidades indígenas. Cada día contamos con más evidencia sobre el impacto de la pandemia en las juventudes en México y en otros países del mundo. Sin embargo, todavía hay poca información sobre el impacto en juventudes indígenas. Por este motivo, el objetivo del presente estudio es analizar el impacto de la pandemia en múltiples dimensiones de la vida de juventudes indígenas que viven en seis municipios localizados en Yucatán y mapear las decisiones y medidas relacionadas con juventudes adoptadas por el gobierno del estado de Yucatán en el contexto de la emergencia sanitaria por COVID-19 y de la reactivación económica, entre enero y junio 2021. Esta información es relevante para orientar y redirigir medidas y acciones de instituciones y personas tomadoras de decisiones en la región, así como para el diseño de nuevas estrategias y políticas públicas basadas en evidencia que se enfoquen a reducir las necesidades aún no atenidad de las juventudes indígenas.
Health and Environmental Alliance (HEAL);
With the war in Ukraine, energy considerations have risen to the top of the EU policy agenda. There is an increased understanding that all fossil fuels, not only those imported from Russia, are an economic, political, security, climate and health risk.This briefing by health, environmental and climate NGOs quantifies for the first time the health impacts of burning fossil gas for power (and heat) generation, excluding private households. While coal combustion continues to be the most polluting, health-harming form of energy generation, the health impacts and cost from fossil gas have been grossly underestimated in public and policy discussions and cannot be neglected.Burning fossil gas is not pollution free. The price tag for the EU's and UK's reliance on electricity generation from fossil gas is up to 8.7 billion EUR in health costs in 2019 alone, with the largest health burden in Italy, Germany, the UK, France, the Netherlands and Spain.These costs stem from direct impacts on health from air pollution by gas combustion, including 2,864 premature deaths, over 15,000 cases of respiratory impacts in adults and children, over 4,100 hospital admissions and over 5 million days in lost productivity because of illness. All of these impacts are preventable.This briefing underlines that the continued reliance on fossil gas is highly unhealthy. Given that gas power plants are located in areas of high population density, a large number of people are under threat from air pollution impacts.As the EU Commission is set to present the REPowerEU package, health, environmental and climate NGOs and think tanks urge for the adoption of a timeline and an ambitious deadline for the phasing out of all fossil fuels, including fossil gas, and the avoidance of false solutions in the process. A continued reliance on fossil fuels undermines the EU's zero pollution commitment included in the Green Deal, and accelerates climate change, when alternatives exist.All efforts, including financial ones, must now be concentrated on achieving a 100% renewable and energy efficient European Union as quickly as possible.
Project HOPE's dual approach to the impact of the conflict has focused on providing support inside Ukraine through medical resupply as well as mental health and protection initiatives, as well as support to the refugee populations in Moldova, Poland, and Romania.In Poland, we're working with Krakow Children's Hospital to supply a new ward for Ukrainian children, including the procurement of pharmaceuticals, medical supplies, and more. The surge of additional patients to the hospitals has necessitated additional space and personnel to serve the Ukrainian population, and Project HOPE has had an extensive, multi-decade relationship with Krakow Children's Hospital.Project HOPE continues to expand our partnerships and activities across the region, including working with Estuar Foundation in Romania to provide mental health training to health professionals and providing mental health consultations to Ukrainian refugees in Romania.