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Worldwide, small-scale fisheries (SSFs) contribute over half of global fish and invertebrate catch and generate employment for 90% of those working in the fishing capture industry, the majority of whom live in developing countries. Despite their importance, most of the world's estimated 10,000 SSFs are data deficient. Community data is critical to understanding fish stocks, and evaluating fisheries management policies, particularly in remote areas. This pilot study explores the potential for smartphones and the Open Data Kit software to assist in the collection of shark landings data in southwest Madagascar, where sustainable fisheries management is critical to economic and food security. The pilot builds on a previous study of participatory data collection using paper notebooks (2003–2016), which continued in eight villages throughout the smartphone trial (2013–2016), allowing comparisons in speed, accuracy and user experience to be drawn. Initial challenges, which included limited electricity supplies to charge the smartphones; typing errors caused by wet hands; and interpretation difficulties, were overcome during the trial with additional training and data accuracy improved as a result, with only 5% fewer records recorded on phones vs. paper notebooks by 2015. One major challenge - limited mobile network coverage – often prevented data from being uploaded from phones to an online database, meaning manual data extraction was required, with associated travel costs. With appropriate training, smartphones show promise as a useful and accurate tool for participatory fisheries data collection. However, this method may be better suited to regions with stronger mobile coverage.
How the multibillion-dollar business behind online advertising could reinvent public media, revitalize journalism and strengthen democracy
Carnegie UK Trust;
Switched On brings together recent research and evidence about key issues related to digital inclusion, with a particular focus on children and young people. Digital access is complex picture with multiple factors driving, compounding and impacting those who are included or excluded.
The report explores a number of features of the digital inclusion debate including analysing the components that comprise appropriate digital access, examines the impacts around a lack of access, maps exclusion factors in the UK and outlines the current policy and practice landscape, including successful interventions.
This is the first comprehensive study regarding the state of automated decision-making in Europe. Experts have looked at the situation at the EU level but also in 12 Member States: Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK. They assessed not only the political discussions and initiatives in these countries but also present a section "ADM in Action" for all states, listing examples of automated decision-making already in use.
This archived webinar is the second in a four-part series designed to help school, district, and state administrators implement the Four Domains for Rapid School Improvement, a framework developed by WestEd's Center on School Turnaround.
Learn about WestEd's new Four Domains CALL System, an online tool that identifies a school or district's unique leadership opportunities and challenges.
CALL utilizes a multi-source comprehensive survey to assess core leadership practices distributed across an organization and the results are used to create a targeted action plan that supports professional growth and school effectiveness.
The Four Domains CALL System delivers:
Domain-specific feedback on your schools' strengths and opportunities for improvement that will inform planning and monitoring
A shared understanding of excellence and the required leadership skills and knowledge necessary to achieve improvements
Data comparisons against national norms and previous school-level CALL administrations
Tools to measure ongoing progress
Who Will Benefit
School & District Administrators
State School Improvement Directors
Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust;
CLAP, which stands for "Career and Life Adventure Planning", takes an integrated approach and aims to support youth through the journey from engagement and self-understanding to career exploration and planning. The Programme leverages innovation and technology to transform CLP service delivery in schools and the community. It also recognises the importance of the external environment, and takes a collaborative approach involving different stakeholders including parents, employers, Government, schools, and community organisations.
Center for Sustainable Systems, University of Michigan;
Approximately 2% of the solar energy striking the Earth's surface is converted to kinetic energy in wind.Wind turbines convert the wind's kinetic energy to electricity without emissions. The distribution of wind energy is heterogeneous, both across the surface of the Earth and vertically through the atmosphere. Class 3 winds (average annual speed of 14.3 to 15.7 mph at 50m) are the minimum needed for a commercially viable project. Only 3% of U.S. electricity was derived from wind energy in 2017, but wind capacity is increasing rapidly.
This report uses 2013–2015 International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) data to trace Swedish aid to Tanzania to its end use. It finds that general budget support (GBS) accounted for much of Swedish aid in 2013 and 2015, but could not determine final expenditures using IATI data. In the absence of GBS, the authors could only confirm that in 2014, 28 percent of Swedish aid arrived in Tanzania, via the government and Tanzania-based organizations. A key constraint to traceability is that Sweden does not require aid implementers to report to IATI. The report recommends that Sweden encourage such reporting.
Pew Research Center;
Until recently, Facebook had dominated the social media landscape among America's youth – but it is no longer the most popular online platform among teens, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Today, roughly half (51%) of U.S. teens ages 13 to 17 say they use Facebook, notably lower than the shares who use YouTube, Instagram or Snapchat.
This shift in teens' social media use is just one example of how the technology landscape for young people has evolved since the Center's last survey of teens and technology use in 2014-2015. Most notably, smartphone ownership has become a nearly ubiquitous element of teen life: 95% of teens now report they have a smartphone or access to one. These mobile connections are in turn fueling more-persistent online activities: 45% of teens now say they are online on a near-constant basis.
The survey also finds there is no clear consensus among teens about the effect that social media has on the lives of young people today. Minorities of teens describe that effect as mostly positive (31%) or mostly negative (24%), but the largest share (45%) says that effect has been neither positive nor negative.
Research has shown that youth living within the juvenile justice system have higher instances of unplanned teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Unfortunately, few sexual health education resources are available to meet the needs of this special group.
The WestEd Justice & Prevention Research Center, as part of a multi-year study, partnered with the Oregon Youth Authority and app-creator Efficacity to create Healthy U, a tablet-based app.
Healthy U is designed to curb unplanned teen pregnancy by educating young males, ages 14-19, who are living in juvenile justice facilities. Through games, interactive scenarios, and short videos, the app provides information about puberty, sexual health, sexual consent, and healthy relationships.
In this archived webinar, you will learn about the Healthy U app.
Who Will Benefit
Individuals interested in low-cost, innovative methods for teaching sexual health education
Individuals serving justice-involved youth
Officials from state or county offices serving justice-involved youth
Staff from federal agencies and foundations that fund innovations and studies in health and/or justice
What You Will Learn
During this webinar, participants will:
Learn about the Healthy U app and how it was tailored to target youthful offenders
Discover how the Oregon Youth Authority has been using the app to provide sexual health education
Hear about current study findings on Healthy U
A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interactions, a methodological framework to synthesize spatially explicit data of such drivers is lacking. To fill this gap, we established a transferable data synthesis methodology to integrate spatial data on environmental and anthropogenic drivers of coral reefs, and applied this methodology to a case study location–the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI). Environmental drivers were derived from time series (2002–2013) of climatological ranges and anomalies of remotely sensed sea surface temperature, chlorophyll-a, irradiance, and wave power. Anthropogenic drivers were characterized using empirically derived and modeled datasets of spatial fisheries catch, sedimentation, nutrient input, new development, habitat modification, and invasive species. Within our case study system, resulting driver maps showed high spatial heterogeneity across the MHI, with anthropogenic drivers generally greatest and most widespread on O'ahu, where 70% of the state's population resides, while sedimentation and nutrients were dominant in less populated islands. Together, the spatial integration of environmental and anthropogenic driver data described here provides a first-ever synthetic approach to visualize how the drivers of coral reef state vary in space and demonstrates a methodological framework for implementation of this approach in other regions of the world. By quantifying and synthesizing spatial drivers of change on coral reefs, we provide an avenue for further research to understand how drivers determine reef diversity and resilience, which can ultimately inform policies to protect coral reefs.