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Project HOPE's response to the Ukraine crisis continues to expand across the region, including a second shipment of medical supplies that is being delivered this week to a neonatal hospital in Kyiv. Meanwhile, Project HOPE is also expanding the capacity for a Ukranian non-governmental organization in Kyiv to purchase and transport medicines and medical supplies to civilian hospitals in the country. We continue to assess health needs across Ukraine, including in Lviv and Kyiv, and are working to establish transit routes to get medicines and medical supplies in.In Moldova, Project HOPE is procuring and delivering key medical supplies to the Ministry of Health to serve refugees. These supplies include an Interagency Emergency Health Kit (IEHK), hygiene kits, and Non-Food Items (NFIs). Our team is also assessing needs and contingency planning for health facilities in Poland as refugee numbers increase demand on the Polish health system.In Romania, Project HOPE is identifying local partners for Mental Health and Sexual Gender-Based Violence support for refugees. We are also sourcing hygiene kits, medical supplies, and medicines for transport into Ukraine as well as for the refugee population. Our team is also establishing a relationship with a key partner to send supplies into Odessa.Project HOPE will continue to closely monitor the situation as it unfolds in order to respond to the most pressing health and humanitarian needs among affected populations.
International Medical Corps;
On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered a "special military operation" in Ukraine, leading to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. Since the crisis began, at least 3,090 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 1,189 killed.In the five weeks since the invasion, there have been 82 confirmed attacks on healthcare facilities, as well as personnel, transport and warehouses. The destruction to Ukraine infrastructure has surpassed $119 billion in losses, including damage or destruction to nearly 8,000 kilometers of roads, railroads and rail stations, and airports. More than 831,000 Ukrainians remain without electricity, and 6 million have limited to no access to safe water.Though various oblasts throughout Ukraine have experienced devastating damage and losses, Mariupol remains the sole city that remains inaccessible to humanitarian aid. Access issues and security threats continue to prevent humanitarian convoys from delivering aid to the city, despite efforts to reach civilians for more than a month.Since the invasion, more than 4 million people have fled Ukraine. As of March 31, at least 2,336,799 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 608,936 had entered Romania, 387,151 had entered Moldova, 364,804 had entered Hungary, 281,172 had entered Slovakia, 350,632 had fled to Russia and 10,902 had fled to Belarus.
American Enterprise Institute;
Russia's invasion of Ukraine has disrupted global wheat, corn, and other markets. Given relatively low global stocks for major staple foodstuffs, many analysts predict that food insecurity will increase among poor households in low-income countries. Understandably, many world leaders, including the Biden administration, are concerned about how to best address a potential global hunger crisis. However, in the rush to "do something," leaders need to consider the most efficient policies to address the crisis and avoid ill-considered policies that may do little to address the actual problems and could result in unintended consequences that may linger well past the crisis itself.The most effective way of addressing global food supply concerns would be an immediate end to the war and rebuilding critical infrastructures such as rail lines, storage facilities, and port facilities to allow Ukraine's agricultural sector access to global markets. To that end, the UN secretary general's efforts to end the blockade of Ukraine grain shipping and support the establishment of a blue corridor by sea or a green corridor overland to move foodstuffs from Ukraine should be supported. Unfortunately, the likelihood of a quick end to the war looks increasingly faint, and Russia has given no signs that it would consider granting safe passage of Ukraine food exports through the Black Sea.The Biden administration has recently put forward a set of proposals aimed at increasing US agricultural production, lowering fertilizer costs, and providing humanitarian food aid to those hurt by the sharp increase in agricultural prices. Here we consider these proposals and other questionable policies such as opening the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and conclude by discussing policies that could provide more immediate relief by addressing and mitigating constraints in the vegetable oil market.
International Medical Corps;
The Russian invasion of Ukraine that began on February 24 has led to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II, with more than 12 million people forcibly displaced. In addition, since the war began, at least 5,840 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 2,729 killed.Now, two months since the conflict began, 24 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance. The most recent needs assessment conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that one in three Ukrainian households have at least one person with a chronic disease who is unable to easily access healthcare. Such challenges are expected to be exacerbated as the conflict continues.Since the invasion, more than 5.3 million people have fled Ukraine. As of April 28, at least 2,944,164 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 783,420 had entered Romania, 437,362 had entered Moldova, 502,142 had entered Hungary and 360,458 had entered Slovakia, while 627,512 had entered Russia and 24,719 had entered Belarus.
Project HOPE's dual approach to the impact of the conflict has focused on providing support inside Ukraine through medical resupply as well as mental health and protection initiatives, as well as support to the refugee populations in Moldova, Poland, and Romania.In Poland, we're working with Krakow Children's Hospital to supply a new ward for Ukrainian children, including the procurement of pharmaceuticals, medical supplies, and more. The surge of additional patients to the hospitals has necessitated additional space and personnel to serve the Ukrainian population, and Project HOPE has had an extensive, multi-decade relationship with Krakow Children's Hospital.Project HOPE continues to expand our partnerships and activities across the region, including working with Estuar Foundation in Romania to provide mental health training to health professionals and providing mental health consultations to Ukrainian refugees in Romania.
Project HOPE's response to the Ukraine crisis continues to expand inside and around Ukraine, including the delivery of two Interagency Health Kits into Lviv, Ukraine today. These kits will provide enough primary health care medication to provide for 20,000 people over the next three months.Project HOPE is also facilitating the transport of five pallets of anesthesia and injectables from Krakow into Lviv this week. Additional IEHKs will be transported into Ukraine next week, as well as International Health Partner UK's Emergency Health Packs and other supplies.To date, Project HOPE's support has included the delivery of essential medicines, medical equipment, and consumables as well as hygiene kits and other non-food items like towels and bedding. Project HOPE's teams are also working with partners and developing action plans to address health, mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS), additional non-food items, protection, and water and hygiene needs in Ukraine and among refugees.
As airstrikes draw closer to the western city of Lviv, Project HOPE delivered a large shipment of antibiotics, surgical supplies, and other medical necessities to First Emergency Territorial Hospital in Lviv this morning.Project HOPE's Emergency Response Team stayed at the hospital over the weekend and was also able to provide badly-needed medical supplies, including cardiac sutures that were used in a heart transplant at the hospital.More relief for Ukraine is on the way: We are also mobilizing two Interagency Health Kits (IEHKs) to Ukraine, which are expected to arrive later this week, as well as two pallets of International Health Partner UK's Emergency Health Packs, which are expected to arrive next week in Lviv. Project HOPE is also supporting a Ukrainian non-governmental organization so that they can purchase and transport pharmaceuticals and medical supplies to civilian hospitals throughout the country.Project HOPE's response continues to expand in Poland, Moldova, and Romania, including support for a mobile medical team that is treating refugee children crossing the Ukraine/Moldova border.
International Medical Corps;
The Russian invasion of Ukraine that began on February 24 has led to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II, with more than 14 million people forcibly displaced. In addition, since the war began, at least 7,256 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 3,496 killed. The United Nations says the actual numbers are likely much higher.In Ukraine, conflict remains concentrated in eastern and southern regions. According to OCHA, before 2022 eastern Ukraine was among the most minecontaminated regions in the world. Since the invasion, the State Emergency Service (SES) of Ukraine has disposed of more than 102,000 explosive devices and more than 1,900 aerial bombs. The Interior Minister announced the launch of the International Coordination Centre for Humanitarian Demining, which SES will work in collaboration with, to reduce casualties from explosive remnants of war.Since the invasion, almost 6 million people have fled Ukraine. As of May 12, at least 3,251,955 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 889,674 had entered Romania, 458,242 had entered Moldova, 577,820 had entered Hungary and 406,833 had entered Slovakia, while 772,121 had entered Russia and 27,108 had entered Belarus. According to Poland's Office for Foreigners, more than 1 million Ukrainian nationals--47% of whom are children--have registered for a national PESEL number, allowing them to access services such as health and social support.
Project HOPE continues to scale up operations in Eastern Europe to respond to the ongoing humanitarian crisis. Our teams in Moldova, Poland, Romania, and Ukraine bring technical knowledge on health, mental health, protection, and other sectors with considerable field experience, and a strong relationship with local and international actors to forge a targeted and comprehensive response.This week, more than 7,900 doses of insulin reached Project HOPE's warehouse in Lviv and are now en route to Kharkiv. Project HOPE has imported more than 100 pallets of medicine and medical supplies to date, including Interagency Emergency Health Kits (IEHKs), Essential Health Packs (EHPs), Trauma and Emergency Surgery Kits (TESKs), first aid kits, prenatal supplements, hygiene kits, and infant kits. These supplies have been delivered to six hospitals across Lviv, Kyiv, Cherkasy, Poltova and Kharkiv.In Moldova, Project HOPE has procured more than 300 wheelchairs to be distributed to a local organization serving Ukrainian refugees. We also continue to support SAMU's Emergency Medical Teams (EMTs) to serve refugees crossing the Ukraine/Moldova border as per the request of the WHO and Moldovan Ministry of Health. The most prevalent diagnoses have included hypertension, upper respiratory infections, and acute mental health issues.
Kiel Institute for the World Economy;
This paper presents the "Ukraine Support Tracker", which lists and quantifies military, financial and humanitarian aid to Ukraine in the context of the Russia-Ukraine war. This third version covers government commitments between January 24 and May 10, 2022. We now track support by 37 governments, including all G7 and European Union member countries, plus the support by EU institutions (thus including 38 donors). We also added a section estimating government cost of hosting Ukrainian refugees. Private donations and aid through non-governmental organizations are still not included due to a lack of systematic data. To value in-kind support like military equipment or weapons, we rely on government statements as well as own calculations using market prices. We find significant differences in the scale of support across countries, both in absolute terms and as percent of donor country GDP. In billions of Euros, by far the largest bilateral supporter of Ukraine is the United States, followed by Poland, the United Kingdom, and the EU institutions. In percent of donor GDP, Eastern European countries stand out as particularly generous, and this is even more so once we account for refugee costs.
Project HOPE continues to rapidly scale up activities in Ukraine, Poland, Moldova, and Romania, with team leads, medical coordinators, mental health specialists, and logisticians in place. We continue to procure and deliver medical supplies into Ukraine, as well as to support local NGOs in providing support to impacted populations.In Ukraine, Project HOPE recently delivered five Interagency Emergency Health Kits to Lviv, which are now headed for onward distribution eastward. These medicines and medical supplies will support tens of thousands of Ukrainians over the coming months.
International Medical Corps;
It has been one month since Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered a "special military operation" in Ukraine, leading to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. In the four weeks since the crisis began, at least 2,571 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 977 killed. The UN believes these numbers to be much higher, as casualties in some areas remain un- or undercounted.Conflict-related trauma and injuries, maternal and newborn health, and food security and nutrition are being prioritized as public health areas of concern. Environmental health risks (including risk of hypothermia) due to extreme weather conditions, and concerns about radiation exposure (given the number of active and decommissioned nuclear power plants in Ukraine) have added to the complexity of this emergency. As the majority of Ukrainians evacuating are women and girls, protection programs remain essential. And amid the COVID pandemic, the overcrowding of evacuation centers, lack of safe water and suboptimal vaccination coverage in affected areas of Ukraine have posed an increased risk of emergence and spread of infectious diseases.Since the invasion, more than 3.6 million people have fled Ukraine. As of March 24, at least 2,144,244 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 555,021 had entered Romania, 371,104 had entered Moldova, 317,104 had entered Hungary, 256,838 had entered Slovakia, 271,254 had fled to Russia and 4,938 had fled to Belarus.