No result found
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED);
This working paper explores how countries can build their own 'climate finance readiness' by understanding their internal political economy and use that understanding to steer consensus-based decisions on climate finance investments. For climate finance to be effective, national leaders must build shared commitments. This involves considering the arguments, incentives and power dynamics at play to ensure priorities are more equitable and representative of a broader group of stakeholders. Doing so will also help to reduce the risk of implementation delays.
This paper uses case studies from Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Nepal to explore how narratives and incentives within the political economy drive climate investment outcomes under the Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR) and the Scaling up Renewable Energy Programme (SREP). It draws from broader analysis of the discourses around these investments, including 80 interviews with government; multilateral development banks (MDBs) and other stakeholders.
Women's Refugee Commission (formerly Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children);
It is widely believed that economic opportunities can provide women with life options, greater participation in decision-making and more equity within the household. As a result, they are assumed to protect women against gender-based violence, including sexual assault and exploitation and domestic violence. The Women's Refugee Commission* (the Commission) traveled to Ethiopia to learn whether this assumption held true for refugees from Somalia and Eritrea. The Commission found that refugee women generally provide for themselves and their families in three ways: participating in income generating activities within the camp; selling goods and/or working in domestic labor outside of the camp; and collecting and selling firewood. Women's attempts to make a living can put them at greater risk for gender-based violence, including domestic violence, attacks while collecting firewood and harassment by employers if they are engaged in domestic work. In addition, income generating activities sponsored by aid agencies do not significantly contribute to increased income for refugee women. Finally, refugee women do not often participate in training programs that will prepare them for opportunities to earn a living if they are resettled to the United States or elsewhere.
Key Findings Without access to markets and real economic opportunities, women's livelihood strategies can put them at greater risk for gender-based violence.Most current income generating programs sponsored by aid agencies do not significantly increase the income of refugee women.The provision of clean cook stoves has significantly reduced a woman's risk of gender-based violence by reducing the need to leave the camps to collect firewood for personal use. However, refugee women who continue to collect firewood do so predominantly to sell, and continue to face great risk of sexual assault as a result.Key FindingsWithout access to markets and real economic opportunities, women's livelihood strategies can put them at greater risk for gender-based violence.Most current income generating programs sponsored by aid agencies do not significantly increase the income of refugee women.The provision of clean cook stoves has significantly reduced a woman's risk of gender-based violence by reducing the need to leave the camps to collect firewood for personal use. However, refugee women who continue to collect firewood do so predominantly to sell, and continue to face great risk of sexual assault as a result.UNHCR and its donors should continue to support gender-based violence "coffee talk" discussion groups, as well as other awareness raising campaigns that appear to be addressing the underlying norms that condone violence against women.The Ethiopian government, UNHCR and its donors must provide more support for the distribution of clean cook stoves and ethanol fuel.
Immigration Policy Center;
Successive generations of African immigration have continuously transformed the African American community and the sociopolitical climate of the United States.
Though the history of African immigration to the United States has at times been a turbulent one, the arrival of many different African peoples has profoundly impacted the social makeup of the United States. During this nation's infancy, hundreds of thousands of captive Africans were delivered to American shores. Overcoming tremendous adversity, this population and its successive generations laid the foundations of opportunity for a new wave of immigration after 1965. From Jim Crow to the Civil Rights Movement to desegregation, African Americans have been instrumental in transforming the sociopolitical climate in the United States, creating an environment far more accepting of new immigrants. A series of post-1965 immigration policy shifts opened the doors to a steady increase in African immigration in the latter part of 20th century. Today, approximately 50,000 Africans arrive annually.
Population Action International;
As global climate change unfolds, its effects are being felt disproportionately in the world's poorest countries and among the groups of people least able to cope. Many of the countries hardest hit by the effects of climate change also face rapid population growth, with their populations on track to double by 2050.
Population Action International (PAI) and Miz-Hasab Research Center (MHRC), in collaboration with the Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI), studied which groups are most vulnerable, what community members say they need to adapt, and the role of family planning and reproductive health in increasing resilience to climate change impacts.
The study was carried out in 2008-2009 in peri-urban and rural areas of two regions in Ethiopia: the Oromia region and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's (SNNP) region.
This paper is therefore a discussion of the legislative environment under which civil society, in particular organized formations, operate in Africa. It is based on twelve African countries (Angola, DRC, Ethiopia, Liberia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe). In all these countries we studied civil/state relations, existing NGO laws and NGO policies, including other laws that have an impact on NGOs, national constitutions, processes and the general political economy of the third sector. The merging findings point to some interesting conclusions. More studies are underway in Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Swaziland. The findings from these will be integrated into the current paper. This paper is therefore work in progress -- nevertheless the countries studied already are significant to begin a discourse on state/civil society relations, public spaces, and the general legislative environment for citizens and their formations. One of the emerging findings is that the political context determined the emergence of these legal instruments.
This document presents the principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PD)
(2005) demonstrate a global
commitment to reform aid management
modalities, and improve the quality of
aid so that it contributes to the achievement
of collectively agreed development
goals, such as the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs). In this
context, gender equality advocates,
human rights activists, and environmental
groups have demanded increased
action to ensure that aid reform translates
into rights-based, sustainable, and
This paper presents an overview of the joint mechanisms that donors have put in place in the countries reviewed, and how these addressed gender issues. The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PD) commits donors and partner countries to reform aid management and delivery in order to strengthen its development outcomes. Through the Declaration, development partners commit to implementing common arrangements for planning, funding, disbursing, monitoring, evaluating and reporting on donor activities and aid flows at country level.
This document presents how donors, both individually and collectively, have made numerous commitments to advance gender equality through their official development assistance (ODA). For instance, the European Commission (EC) has acknowledged that gender equality is a fundamental human right and instrumental to achieving the MDGs. The research conducted under the EC/UNIFEM programme ?Integrating Gender Responsive Budgeting into the Aid Effectiveness Agenda' assessed to what extent some of these gender equality commitments had been put into practice. In addition to the EC, the research covered another major donor in each of the ten countries. This brief presents examples of how donors addressed gender equality concerns in their aid management practices and instruments in the select countries. It is important to note that these are not necessarily representative of donor practices beyond the countries covered in the study.
This document outlines the main findings of the country research conducted under the European Commission (EC)/UNIFEM programme ?Integrating Gender Responsive Budgeting into the Aid Effectiveness Agenda'. The three-year programme is funded by the European Commission (EC) and consists of research and programmatic technical assistance.
This document presents a series of knowledge briefs was produced on the basis of research carried out under the European Commission-supported programme ?Integrating Gender Responsive Budgeting into the Aid Effectiveness Agenda'. The three-year programme consists of research and programmatic technical assistance.
Overseas Development Institute;
This report explores local water security in two different sites in Ethiopia, Shinile and Konso. This issue cannot be reduced to a single diagnostic such as measures of water use or presence of an improved source. The pressures of water security on livelihoods and household-level responses are discussed and local and national government responses are examined.
This report is the result of research by WaterAid in Ethiopia into the effects of poor WASH access on children. It focuses on children up to age 14 in Konso and Hintallo in Ethiopia.