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Highlights: Nigeria continues to suffer from poor accountability across all branches of government and the civil service. While citizens' right to access information is embedded in the regulations of some specific agencies, a general freedom of information act has been sitting in the Nigerian legislature since 1999. There continues to be little protection for whistleblowers, however the creation of internal anti-corruption units in government ministries does provide some hope for effective whistleblower outlets in the future. The Public Procurement Act of 2007 is still in the process of being fully implemented, but it is viewed as having already had a positive effect on Nigerian procurement practices.
This peer-reviewed country report includes:
Integrity Indicators Scorecard: Scores, scoring criteria, commentary, references, and peer review perspectives for more than 300 Integrity Indicators.
Reporter's Notebook: An on-the-ground look at corruption and integrity from a leading local journalist.
Corruption Timeline: Ten years of political context to today's corruption and integrity issues.
Country Facts: Statistical context for each country.
Immigration Policy Center;
Successive generations of African immigration have continuously transformed the African American community and the sociopolitical climate of the United States.
Though the history of African immigration to the United States has at times been a turbulent one, the arrival of many different African peoples has profoundly impacted the social makeup of the United States. During this nation's infancy, hundreds of thousands of captive Africans were delivered to American shores. Overcoming tremendous adversity, this population and its successive generations laid the foundations of opportunity for a new wave of immigration after 1965. From Jim Crow to the Civil Rights Movement to desegregation, African Americans have been instrumental in transforming the sociopolitical climate in the United States, creating an environment far more accepting of new immigrants. A series of post-1965 immigration policy shifts opened the doors to a steady increase in African immigration in the latter part of 20th century. Today, approximately 50,000 Africans arrive annually.
USC Dornsife Program for Environmental and Regional Equity;
We offer this document as our own effort to build the inclusion and understandings that will help both communities and leaders recognize the grassroots wisdom and issues that could help us realize the positive impacts from globalization and minimize the negative aspects that have concerned us all. Another world is possible, but it is up to us to build it.
Kano State Polytechnic;
Employing narratives, and analysis of available literature, this exploratory study is limited in scope by the few accounts considered.
Nigeria Leadership Initiative;
These White Papers attempt to address many of these challenges, showing the need for urgent action, deconstructing where possible root causes, and making practical suggestions on actions to be taken.
Millenium Group Foundation, The;
The authors urge the Western donor organizations to facilitate and support the take up of such more sustainable models.
Developing Country Studies;
The study examined "Philanthropic motivations of Hausa Muslim women in Dutse, Jigawa state, Nigeria: evidence from a pilot study." As an exploratory study, a sample of 42 respondents was selected purposively. Chi square statistic was used for data analysis. The findings showed no differences between women's age groups and their philanthropic motivations, sources of giving inspirations and charitable role models. The study concluded, tentatively, that regardless of women's life stage in Dutse, they do not differ in the variables considered, though a more definite conclusion awaits further research.
UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER);
Drawing on case studies of informal enterprise associations in Christian and Muslim parts of Nigeria, this paper explores the differing ways in which networks of ethnicity, class and religion are used to forge links between dynamic informal organizational systems and formal institutions of government.
University of Fort Hare;
With the aid of ethnographic data obtained in Nigeria's oil and gas region (the Niger Delta), and relevant secondary data, this article makes a case for a beneficiary-centred approach to corporate citizenship analysis, and thus urges a shift from the dominant corporatist approach. Two interrelated questions are examined: how do ordinary people who share their socio-ecologic and cultural neighbourhoods with petroleum operators encounter corporate citizenship, and what do such encounters say about corporate citizenship philosophy and practice in the Nigerian petroleum industry? The article is not an anti-theory of corporate citizenship or of the broader sustainable development debate.
University of Warwick;
This paper avoids assumptions that civil society is an entirely separate and distinguishable domain from states and emergent forms of transnational authority. Focusing on the 'soft' ideational and normative policy transfer undermines notions of clear cut boundaries between an independent philanthropic body in civil society and highlights the intermeshing and mutual engagement that comes with networks, coalitions, joint funding, partnerships and common policy dialogues.
Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA);
The financial exclusion of women is a global problem with 'more than 1.3 billion women in the world operating outside the formal financial system' (Demirguc-Kunt, Klapper & Singer, 2013: 2). This situation is mirrored in Africa where more than 70 percent of women are financially excluded and where women's access to finance and financial services is consistently behind that of their male counterparts (MFW4A, GIZ & New Faces New Voices, 2012). Accelerating women's financial inclusion thus requires bold and sustained action to advance women's economic opportunities and rights and to ensure that they can meaningfully participate in the economy without undue constraints and barriers that limit their progress.
This paper examines the persistent challenges women face in accessing finance and financial services, why gender-specific barriers exist and what they are, factors that will contribute to removing these barriers and why women require more innovative support from the financial sector to transcend these barriers and harness their full economic potential.