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International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL);
This report profiles the tax law which effects nongovernmental organisations of the independent states which formerly comprised the Soviet Union. There is information on various kinds of tax including Income, VAT and property tax for twelve different countries.
Charles F. Kettering Foundation;
The case studies provided in this Kettering Foundation report describe how nongovernmental organizations in 10 countries -- Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Hungary, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, South Africa, and Tajikistan -- are using public deliberation to help citizens think of themselves as political actors who can change the course of their communities.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;
Adjusting the Joint Monitoring Programme's estimate of safe water access to account for microbial water quality and sanitary risk yields the conclusion that 1.8 billion people, or 28% of the global population, used unsafe water in 2010 (compared to JMP's estimate of 783 million or 11%). The research used data from the Rapid Assessment of Drinking-Water Quality, which inspected 1,600 improved water sources in each of 5 countries for presence of certain microbiological contaminants and sanitary risks (such as pipe breaks, supply discontinuities, poor drainage, and proximity to latrines). To extend these findings to an estimate of global access to safe water, the team used statistical methods to model the relationship between faecal contamination or sanitary risk and economic, governance, health, social, and environmental characteristics, thus capturing the effects of differences between countries.
Open Society Institute;
Explores public policy issues on, motivations for, and scope and impact of private contributions to public education in former Soviet bloc countries. Makes recommendations for payment process, community engagement, and policy to promote accountability.
Open Society Institute;
Assesses the quality of supplies for needle and syringe programs procured with grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; examines decision-making and procurement processes; highlights best practices; and recommends improvements.
This is the the 18th edition of Freedom House's comprehensive report on post-communist democratic governance -- highlights recent setbacks to democracy across Eurasia and the Balkans, as well as in Central Europe. Russia served as the model and inspiration for policies that have led to an uninterrupted retreat from free institutions throughout Eurasia and in 2013 brought a new and alarming level of repression. In Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, and several other countries, civil society responded with remarkable resistance to repressive governance. The year also featured improved elections and peaceful transfers of power in Kosovo, Albania, and Georgia.