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Lien Centre for Social Innovation;
Explosive economic growth in South East Asia has resulted in unparalleled wealth creation. Forbes magazine reports there are 386 billionaires in the Asia Pacific region. While the region's emerging economies report hopeful signs of a broadening middle class, income inequality is rising faster than living standards for the majority. There is widespread agreement that the stark income disparity must be addressed or it risks threatening political and social stability. For those interested in the social economy, key questions remain unanswered: first, will philanthropic giving match the fast pace of wealth accumulation, and second, will that philanthropy be strategic and targeted enough to address the critical social issues of the day?
Where previous studies profiled the characteristics and motivations of Asia's wealthiest givers, this report examines the public policies influencing those charitable decisions to assess whether those policies are helping or hindering the growth of philanthropy. This study looks at four roaring economies: Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
Overall, this study finds the environment for philanthropy in the region to be quite challenging. Tax policies are either neutral or ineffective in incentivising philanthropy; opportunities for the charitably-minded to gain the skills necessary to address complex social problems are lacking; partnerships between civil society organisations and funders that enhance the capabilities of each other are rare; and the data that would assist the nascent field in quickly prototyping and innovating are non-existent and to some extent resisted.
Certainly the tide could change. South East Asia has demonstrated incredible resilience along the steep upward climb of development. Few would have predicted the achievements of the past few decades, and it is entirely possible that the charitable sector in this region will evolve in ways currently not imagined. The purpose of this study is simply to raise questions about the assumptions that underlie so many discussions about Asian charity, wealth, and economic stability. Will the newly wealthy deploy their incredible resources to solve entrenched social problems by becoming active participants in and financial supporters of the social economy? Does growth in the charitable sector automatically follow wealth creation? The data analysed for this report suggests the answer is, not necessarily
In a democratic country, gender equality is an element that needs to be guaranteed by the government, particularly in political positions such as in government offices, political parties, and other decision-making institutions. Unfortunately, such condition faces a significant obstacle that comes in the form of patriarchy system in the society, especially in the parliament as an institution representing the society. Currently, there is already an internationally recognized minimum target of 30% women as political representatives in the legislature bodies, as part of the initiative to promote women representation in the parliament. It is expected that with this target, women would have a starting point to claim their rights and to have a significant influence in the decision-making process.
World Agroforestry Centre;
The Southeast Asia program first set about testing hypotheses applicable to each of the three ecosystem zones. On the forest margins, the hypothesis was that complex agroforests provided a superior alternative for small-scale farmers to either food-crop systems or monocultural plantations of perennials. As an alternative to slash and burn, complex agroforests increased production sustainability, increased biodiversity, reduced production risks and increased returns to labour compared to continuous food crops or monocultural plantations. The second hypothesis stated that rehabilitating Imperata grasslands with small-scale agroforestry systems would be superior to plantation reforestation in terms of production, equitability and participation. For hilly farmlands, the team hypothesised that there were several pathways to sustainable farming. Among these, contour hedgerow systems initiated through natural vegetative strips provided distinct advantages as a superior, least-cost foundation upon which to build agroforestry-based, conservation farming.
Impact Investment Shujog;
Shujog's Research provides an overview on the operational models, innovations, social impact, and market size and trends of the health sector in both South and Southeast Asia.
Impact Investment Shujog;
This report published by Shujog summarizes the market size, growth, trends, challenges, and social impact of Social Enterprises in the household energy services sector in Southeast Asia, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
Impact Investment Shujog;
This report provides a brief insight on the value chain of the Social Enterprise (SE) vocational training sector in both South and Southeast Asia, highlighting the sector's social impact, innovation, sustainability, and market trends.
International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC);
The Southeast Asian uplands provide livelihood opportunities for more than 100 million people. Many of these are poor smallholder farmers who are economically, socially and politically marginalized, suffer from tenure insecurity and have few options other than drawing on the uplands' natural resources to sustain their living. Forest conversion, inappropriate land use practices and timber logging by a variety of actors have caused widespread resource degradation problems, such as deforestation, decline of biodiversity, erosion, water pollution, and flooding of downstream areas (often referred to as 'negative externalities' in the economic literature). On the other hand, sustainable resource management practices, such as community forestry, paddy rice terracing, and in-situ conservation of plant and animal genetic resources through local ecological knowledge, have generated a range of valuable environmental services (or 'positive externalities') that have remained often unnoticed and largely unrewarded by downstream dwellers, urban citizens, national governments, and international donors. These ecological services can be classified into local or regional commons, such as erosion and flood control, seasonal stream flow regulation, and clean drinking water, and global commons, such as carbon sequestration and biodiversity.
This paper provides an analysis of the experiences of four organizations in Southeast Asia (three in the Philippines, one in Indonesia) in creating, building, and managing endowments as mechanisms for their financial sustainability. However, it does not intend to compare and assess the performance of the four foundations' endowments. It describes the concept of endowments and draws conclusion about managed endowments, by comparing the four organizations and the differences between funding by grants and funding by managed endowments.
IRC International Water and Sanitation Center;
Summarizes papers and case studies about promoting hygiene in South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. Synthesizes lessons learned, including: know the focus groups, ensure opportunities for change, and enable and motivate good hygiene practice.
Carnegie Corporation of New York;
In 2007, a team of international security experts and researchers at the Henry L. Stimson Center launched an initiative to build an effective model for sustainable nonproliferation of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. The project represented an exciting and innovative way of thinking about security: a "dual-use" approach that operated at the nexus of the security and development communities. The team's ingenuity paid off. After less than six years, the Stimson Center is phasing out its involvement in the successful program, which will now be government funded. This paper shows how a novel idea, supported with modest grants from Carnegie Corporation, went on to secure millions in support from international sources, achieving real-world policy wins.
Save the Children;
What exists in communities to protect children? What processes or mechanisms are used by families and communities to support children who are affected by various protection threats? Are community based mechanisms that are linked to formal child protection systems more effective? How can external agencies most effectively support communities to protect their children?
These are some of the important questions that are explored in a four-year interagency learning initiative on community based child protection mechanisms. Running from 2010-2014, the initiative involves action research in Sierra Leone, Kenya and a third country in Southeast Asia, and the establishment of a global community of practice for learning exchange.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
This publication highlights the interconnectivity and linkages between coastal ecosystems (mangroves, coral reefs, seagrasses, estuaries, and lagoons) across environ-mental, economic, social, and management contexts. It presents innovative approaches to better understand, protect and value ecosystems services across linked habitats, informing the trade-off of different land-use management decisions and the effects on healthy systems from drawing on ecosystem services from linked habitats. This report presents further evidence of the need to develop appropriate economic and governance frameworks that best protect the essential services from natural ecosystems that human populations will need for the future.