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Search For Common Ground;
The case studies in this book were prepared by members of Search for Common Ground's Middle East Chemical Risks Consortium (CRC)-- a group of Egyptian, Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian research centers that agreed to reach across political lines and cooperate to address the problem of chemical risks.
Each research center partcipating in the CRC chose a recent case of a local accident involving toxic chemicals. The cases highlight legal, technical, operational, and human factors contributing to the accident and draw lessons applicable in any country. Unlike the notorious 1984 Bhopal chemical factory accident in India, these incidents received relatively little media coverage and almost no publicly available analysis.
World Food Programme (WFP);
This CaseStudy reports that over the years, many aspects of cash and voucher transfers have been analysed and studied, however, there has not been a substantive amount of study specifically devoted to protection and gender implications - both positive and negative - of such programming. In response, in October and November 2011, WFP conducted a literature review of previous studies of cash and voucher transfers to investigate whether cash and voucher transfers were working towards improving protection of, or at minimum doing no further harm to, beneficiaries, as well as what impacts they could have on gender and community dynamics. In addition, WFP headquarters sent a short questionnaire to their field offices to gather their observations on the impacts of cash and voucher transfers on protection and gender within their own programming.
Center for Strategic and International Studies;
Outlines considerations for funders with respect to the development of human capital and strengthening civil society organizations, including the need for long-term, targeted, and sustained investment as well as funder restraint.
This is the first-ever impact report of CARE's water+ program, which currently comprises more than 180 projects in over 40 countries. The study is a meta-analysis of 51 project evaluations, each scored against the three domains of the water+ theory of change: secure and sustainable access to services; gender-sensitive policies, institutions and norms; and gender-equitable control over services. Ten projects are also presented as case studies. The report concludes that there is a need to re-assess programming approaches and make more deliberate efforts to use water+ programs to orchestrate broader change.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;
Adjusting the Joint Monitoring Programme's estimate of safe water access to account for microbial water quality and sanitary risk yields the conclusion that 1.8 billion people, or 28% of the global population, used unsafe water in 2010 (compared to JMP's estimate of 783 million or 11%). The research used data from the Rapid Assessment of Drinking-Water Quality, which inspected 1,600 improved water sources in each of 5 countries for presence of certain microbiological contaminants and sanitary risks (such as pipe breaks, supply discontinuities, poor drainage, and proximity to latrines). To extend these findings to an estimate of global access to safe water, the team used statistical methods to model the relationship between faecal contamination or sanitary risk and economic, governance, health, social, and environmental characteristics, thus capturing the effects of differences between countries.
Pew Charitable Trusts;
Presents results of a spring 2010 Pew Global Attitudes Project survey conducted in Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Turkey on views of Hamas, Hezbollah, and al Qaeda and the role of Islam in politics by respondent's religion.
Women's Refugee Commission (formerly Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children);
Around the world, an estimated 3.5 million displaced people live with disabilities in refugee camps and urban slum settlements. The Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, with the support of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, undertook a six-month research project to assess the situation of those with disabilities among refugee and conflict-affected populations. Using our field research in five countries, Ecuador, Jordan, Nepal, Thailand and Yemen, the Women's Commission sought to map existing services for displaced persons with disabilities, identify gaps and good practices and make concrete recommendations on how to improve services, protection and participation for displaced persons with disabilities.
- Refugees with disabilities are among the most hidden, neglected and socially excluded of all displaced people in the world.
- They are excluded from or unable to access mainstream assistance programs as a result of attitudinal, physical and social barriers and are forgotten in the establishment of specialized and targeted services.
- Refugees with disabilities are more isolated following their displacement than they were in their home communities and their potential to contribute and participate is seldom recognized.
Overseas Development Institute;
This working paper aims to identify key research questions around the successes and failures of urban governance structures in delivering essential services to populations following large migration movements.
It does so through a review of the existing literature on the subject. It then unpacks how conflict-induced migration has affected Jordan's urban infrastructure and systems for the provision of basic services.
In conclusion, we call for a research agenda that can help utilities, governments, non-governmental organisations and other service providers to better understand and overcome the challenges of sanitation provision in urban contexts 'under stress', without reinforcing existing inequalities or creating new ones, and to progress towards realising the Sustainable Development Goals' aspirations for 'universal access to adequate and equitable sanitation' by 2030.