No result found
Slovak Donors Forum;
This code of ethics outlines the ethical principles and values recognised by the Slovak Donors Forum and by the members of it. The aim of this code is to improve the quality and culture of philanthropy and grantgiving in Slovakia and to provide standards by which the operations and decision making processes of foundations can be fairly judged.
Academy for the Development of Philanthropy in Poland;
Document drafted by representatives of 12 organisations, members of LPO Network and the Academy for the Development of Philanthropy in 2000. It presents a definition of what a local philanthropic organisation is as well as a description of standards recommended to local philanthropic organisations in order to achieve an effective management.
Orpheus Civil Society Network;
This self-evaluation tool was written to help an organisation assess its effectiveness either on its own or with the help of a consultant. It describes ways in which to reflect on various aspects of best practice including vision, resource management, service provision, human resources, financial management, and external relations.
Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe;
The Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe wrote and approved this code of conduct in order to state their values clearly and to use those values as a guide in working with others to build civil society in Central and Eastern Europe. It includes provisions on accountability, transparency, use of resources, responsible grantmaking and good leadership and management practice.
Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe;
This conflict of interest policy is intended to protect the integrity and reputation of the Trust for Civil Society in Central and Eastern Europe. To achieve this, the publication describes exact standards for transparency that allow all persons affiliated with the Trust to promote the Trust's interests and affairs. A contract which must be signed annually by each trustee is included.
King Baudouin Foundation;
This book presents the results and impact of the programme to help street children / children in the streets, which has been run for two years by the King Baudouin Foundation together with the Soros Foundations in ten Central and East European countries, working in partnership with the World Bank.
King Baudouin Foundation;
Street Children in Central and Eastern Europe: who are they, what are the causes of their predicament and what can be done about it? To answer these and other questions the foundation has set up the 'Street children / Children in the streets' programme together with the local Soros Foundations and the World Bank. After an introduction to the children's situation and a brief summary of the programme, 80 selected projects in 10 different countries are presented.
International Studies Program of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies;
As the governments of countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union continue to grapple with the challenges of transition, many significant policy developments have already taken place over the past six years, developments of interest to policymakers and economists alike. Conditions in these Countries in Transition (CITs) have presented a formidable challenge to reformers, a challenge that has been met with bold, rapid action in some cases; timid, tepid response in others. Now, as CITs enter the seventh year of transition, perhaps lessons can be drawn from their experience which may be of value in the future to those countries that will, in time, be in transition from socialist to market-based economic systems.
The goal of this paper is to review the transition experience in tax reform over the past six years, offer a preliminary evaluation of the impact of different approaches to tax reform, and extract lessons from the successes and failures of this experience. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. We start with a brief review of tax systems in socialist planned economies in Section 2, and then move on to an examination of the enduring legacy of tax systems under central planning in Section 3. Many of the failures, problems, and idiosyncrasies of the reform efforts during the transition can be traced to the past, when these tax systems started. In Section 4, we review the two general paradigms for reform that policymakers faced early on in the transition: the adoption wholesale of a western-type, modern tax system or a tax system adapted to transition economies. Many of the current problems in the fiscal arena can be partially attributed to the scope, pace, and stability of the reform process. In Section 5 we offer a short description of the evaluation and current structure of tax systems in CITs. In Section 6 we make a preliminary attempt to quantify the impact of different approaches to tax reform on economic performance of CITs. In Section 7, we summarize the lessons from tax reform in CITs. While no strategy could be comprehensive and infallible, there are lessons to extract from the concrete experiences, relatively better practices and mistakes of CITs for the remaining centrally-planned economies when they in turn embark upon comprehensive market reform.
Working Paper Number 97-06.
Charles Stewart Mott Foundation;
This is a primer for people interested in learning about community philanthropy organizations and the role they can play in strengthening communities in Central/Eastern Europe. It explains what community philanthropy organizations do and how they work; it describes the challenges for communities in building such organisations in Central/Eastern Europe, and it describes ways in which support organizations are offering assistance, with examples drawn from the region.
The Oak Foundation child-abuse programme has funded and supported a range of civil society actors over the course of the last ten years, with the aim of reducing the incidence of the sexual exploitation of children, focusing primarily on work in East Africa, Eastern and Central Europe, Brazil and India. The Foundation is committed to expanding this work, focusing 50 percent of resources over the next five years, within two priority areas:
* The elimination of the sexual exploitation of children;
* The positive engagement of men and boys in the fight against the sexual abuse of children.
Under the first of these priorities Oak Foundation requested Knowing Children to produce two documents to guide a strategic-planning meeting of the child-abuse team in mid-October 2011:
* Reducing societal tolerance of sexual exploitation of children;
* Preventing children's entry into all forms of sexual exploitation.
Open Society Institute;
Examines the services and support for advocacy movements provided by drop-in centers for sex workers. Calls for funding to engage sex workers in service design, implementation, and leadership; to offer safe environments; and to report abuses.
Civil society is increasingly coming under assault around the world, as authoritarian governments grow more bold and sophisticated in stifling independent groups that monitor elections, expose corruption, or otherwise give citizens a voice in how they are governed. In response, senior U.S. officials have reaffirmed their support for universal rights, including freedom of association, while mid-level officials have criticized specific abuses against civil society. However, only modest U.S. government efforts have dealt systematically with the global nature of the crackdown on civil society. This weak U.S. response to the crackdown hurts U.S. interests and undermines U.S. credibility abroad. The U.S. government needs to respond to the threats against civil society more forcefully.
To curb the global crackdown, the United States needs to systematically oppose efforts by authoritarian governments to control civic space, take vigorous political and diplomatic measures to support civil society organizations that come under threat, and get around government restrictions designed to isolate local organizations from the international community. Effective U.S. policy to defend civil society needs to respond comprehensively to the global nature of the crackdown and, at the same time, turn the tide in key countries where repression of civil society has significant regional repercussions. While bipartisan collaboration is critical to make such policy effective, a strong U.S. response to the global crackdown on civil society must begin in the White House.