Open Society Institute;
Examines the experiences of Muslims in Hamburg, including issues of discrimination and identity, education, employment, housing, health, security, and media influence. Focuses on the impact of public policies to improve integration and social inclusion.
Ernst & Young;
Focusing on six European cities between 2004 and 2011 (Barcelona, Hamburg, Dublin, Turin, Lille, Prague), the report claims that labour migration had been profitable to the host communities. Migrants mainly move for labour opportunities, not social benefits. E.g. Migrants in Turin have bought €1.5bn to public finances. Migrants fill in local labour gaps rather than displace native workers. Social and cultural impacts also appear to be negligible.