Pew Charitable Trusts;
The ocean covers nearly three-fourths of the globe and is home to almost a quarter of the world's known species—with many more yet to be discovered. It plays an essential role in sustaining life by regulating global chemistry and climate and providing sustenance for billions of people. But human activities are increasingly threatening the ocean's health. Many experts and island communities now see the creation of marine reserves as a key tool for rebuilding the abundance and diversity of species while strengthening ocean resilience to climate change. Studies show that the ecological benefits of reserves extend well beyond their boundaries. Because of what is known as the 'spillover effect,' thriving populations of fish within closed areas, such as reserves, tend to move into nearby waters. Marine reserves yield the greatest conservation benefits when they are large, highly protected, isolated, well-enforced, and long-standing.
In recent years the organisations supported by the Northern Rock Foundation have faced considerable challenges resulting from economic strain scross the UK. At the same time, the funds available to The Foundation have reduced.
In 2011, The Foundation developed a new strategy designed to reflect these changes and maximise the impact of its funding on the organisations it works with, the disadvantaged gropus they support and the third sector more widely. As well as funding practical projects to address disadvantage, the new strategy had a strong organisational development focus, aimed at building the resilience of organisations in the third sector and strengthening their capactiy to respond to changes in the operating environment. This focused approach, combined with reduced resources, necessarily involved supporting fewer organisations but in a more intensive way.