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German Marshall Fund of the United States;
The Transatlantic Digital Dialogue is a multi-stakeholder working group of experts from Germany and the United States. It was assembled and stewarded by the Stiftung Neue Verantwortung and the German Marshall Fund of the United States to develop a constructive agenda for the modernization of privacy/security policy that begins to address the global debate over digital surveillance. The findings presented here are rooted in three convictions shared by all of the participants in the project: 1) that transatlantic relationships have weakened as a result of the fractious and inconclusive debate between the EU and the U.S. over surveillance practices; 2) that a multinational modernization of a rights-based framework for privacy and security policy is needed to address these challenges; and 3) that solutions should be aligned with principles of human rights, responsive to the complex political economy of surveillance policy, and premised on common interests and values.
Open Society Foundations;
This report has been published in the framework of the Equality Data Initiative (EDI), which aims to develop research on, and increase awareness of, the need for data regarding specific minority groups in the European Union.
Reliable data is needed to ensure equality and actively fight discrimination. Data does this by measuring inequalities and allowing the development of positive solutions to inequality such as targeted social policies. Data also allows us to monitor whether these measures work.
The Equality Data Initiative (EDI), initiated by the Open Society Foundations, is implemented in collaboration with the Migration Policy Group and the European Network Against Racism. Its goal is to enhance the measurability of (in)equality for groups at risk of discrimination.
This digital booklet is designed to help Open Society grantees and prospective grantees in Europe strengthen their organisations.
Like any for-profit company or public institution, civil society organisations must be competent in several areas to function well under pressure, and with few resources. Their capacity to do their work depends on their performance in many areas: governance, strategy, work planning, communication, fundraising, and several others. The Capacity Catalogue helps civil society organisations recognise these areas, assess how they currently perform, and find the help they need. Its aim is to help civil society leaders identify their organisations' strengths, their weaknesses, and think critically about where and how to improve. This document is a joint publication with ODS, with the support of the Open Society Initiative for Europe.
Resources are included at the end.
This report provides a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the contributions that foundations make to support research and innovation in EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland. Over the last 25 years, the role of foundations as supporters of research and innovation in Europe has grown significantly in scope and scale. However, the landscape is fragmented and, till now, largely uncharted. Little is known about the vast majority of such foundations, their activities or even their number, and information about their real impact on research and innovation in Europe was very limited. A team of national experts in the EU 27 (and Norway and Switzerland), led by VU University Amsterdam, has therefore been commissioned by the European Commission to study foundations' contribution to research and innovation in the EU under the name EUFORI. This study helps fill this knowledge gap by analysing foundations' financial contributions, and provides useful insights into the different ways they operate. It also identifies emerging trends and the potential for exploring synergies and collaboration between foundations, research-funding agencies, businesses and research institutes.
University of Iceland;
Although debates on the European public sphere deficit as a hallmark of the European Union's democratic deficit have subsided in recent years, the problem of a perceived gap between the union's citizens and institutions remains pressing. In 2012, the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) was introduced as the world's first transnational citizens' agenda initiative, thereby providing what is arguably the strongest, but also the most demanding instrument of participatory democracy in the EU to date. The present paper discusses the question of whether and to what extent the ECI can bridge the gap between the EU institutions and its citizens. Theoretically, the paper draws on the Habermasian distinction between the two tracks of deliberative politics (public sphere vs. political system) to advance the argument that the ECI provides not only an incentive for transnational civil society networking and mobilization, but moreover an institutional opportunity for channeling communicative power into the EU institutions. Empirically, the paper draws on the experiences of three of the citizens' initiatives that are currently in the signature collection process, namely Right2Water, Stop Vivisection, and End Ecocide in Europe
Egmont - The Royal Institute for International Relations;
One innovative element of the Lisbon Treaty was the creation of a European Citizens' Initiative (ECI). At the time, this was sometimes hailed as a fundamental change in the European institutional system. A few years after the entry into force of the Treaty, however, much less is heard about this "first truly transnational instrument of modern direct democracy", this "revolution in disguise", this "very innovative and symbolic" provision. This could seem surprising at first sight. Since the entry into force of the Treaty, the implementation of this provision has been remarkably rapid. Meanwhile, new arguments have risen concerning the lack of democratic legitimacy of the European Union, and the lack of connection between the European institutions and the citizens
Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance;
The European Union is founded on the principle of representative democracy. But, obviously, the Constitutional Convention just like many scholars considered the representative functions of the European Parliament and the Council to be insufficient to ensure democratic European governance. Thus, the Constitutional Treaty embraced the principle of participatory democracy which is expected to complement democratic representation. The paper puts into question that participatory democracy has been institutionalized in the EU and explores whether or not the participatory instruments introduced by the Lisbon Treaty render the EU more democratic.
European Citizen Action Service (ECAS);
This study has been conducted by ECAS within the framework of the ECI Support Centre with the kind assistance of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP.
The study aims to promote a better understanding of the ECI Regulation, particularly on the registration procedures for a proposed initiative, and it suggests a number of recommendations to be discussed when the review of the Regulation takes place based on an analysis of the "subject matters" of the ECIs that have been refused registration by the Commission.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute;
Wind energy power generation is on the rise around the world, due to its low fixed prices and lack of greenhouse gas emissions. A cumulative total of 369,553 megawatts (MW) of wind energy capacity was installed globally by the end of 2014. Of that total, only two percent came from offshore wind farms, which are able to capture stronger and more reliable ocean winds to generate electricity. Most offshore wind capacity is in Europe, where there are 3,072 grid-connected offshore wind turbines at 82 farms spanning 11 countries, for a total of 10,393.6 MW of wind energy capacity as of June 30, 2015. In comparison, the United States is just beginning to invest in offshore wind energy, and is rapidly approaching the operational launch of its first commercial offshore wind farm. Can the United States duplicate the European Union's broad success with offshore wind production?
Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS);
This paper examines the impact of labour migration on unemployment in the context of the EU's accession of Bulgaria and Romania and EU rules on the free movement of workers. It addresses in particular the following two questions. First, does intra-EU labour migration correlate with employment/unemployment rates in host or home member states during periods of unsettled growth? Second, how have member states reacted in terms of restricting or allowing access to their labour markets by EU-2 workers during the transitional periods?
National Bureau of Economic Research;
We develop a dynamic politico-economic theory of welfare state, featuring three groups of voters: skilled workers, unskilled workers, and old retirees. The welfare-state is modeled by a proportional tax on labor income to finance a demogrant in a balanced-budget manner to capture the essence of inter-and intra-generational redistribution of a typical welfare system. Migrants arrive when young and their birth rate exceeds the native-born birth rate. We characterize political-economic equilibrium policy rules consisting of the tax rate, the skill composition of migrants, and the total number of migrants, in terms of demographic and labor productivity characteristics. We find that political coalitions will form among skilled and unskilled voters or among unskilled and old voters in order to block the other group from coming into power. As a consequence, the ideal polices of the unskilled voters always feature in any political economy equilibrium.
This paper is an update following the announcement of changes in various British rules affecting migrants from other EU Member States and the ending of the transitional restrictions on Bulgarian and Romanian citizens exercising free movement on 1 January 2014.