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Innovations in Civic Participation;
This paper presents findings from an exploratory study of government policies that involve youth in community service in 19 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The research, which was performed in 2004, provides descriptive information and explores the context within which national youth service policies can emerge and thrive. While it is assumed that well-designed national youth service policies provide a framework for engaging youth in pro-social activities that benefit themselves and their communities, relatively little research is available on the subject. Findings indicate that 13 of 19 countries in the study have a national youth service policy, and that the policies vary in forms and configuration. Facilitators and obstacles of these policies are discussed. The paper concludes by providing recommendations to policy makers.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
The goal of this sustainability evaluation was to determine the sustainability of the water and sanitation interventions implemented by the American Red Cross (ARC) in Central America post-hurricane Mitch in 1998. A 3-year survey of the health improvements of the interventions was completed by CDC in February of 2000, 2001, and 2002. The survey was done in eight communities in four countries - El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. This sustainability evaluation was conducted in 2006, four years after the 3-year survey was completed in 2002, and was conducted in six of the eight communities that received ARC interventions.
Center for Global Safe Water, Emory University;
Emory University's Center for Global Safe Water studied a random sampling of 10 out of 43 water projects in Honduras implemented between 1990 and 2002 by WaterPartners International and Comité Central de Proyectos de Agua y Desarrollo Integral de Lempira or the Central Committee for Water and Comprehensive Development Projects in Lempira (COCEPRADIL). The goal of this evaluation was to document system status, current operations and financial situation of the water committee, and system maintenance history, and to quantify user satisfaction in each of 10 randomly selected projects. None of the communities reported a significant number of broken or abandoned water points; nearly all of the communities surveyed had increased the number of water points from the beginning of the project and all were still collecting the water tariff. Community satisfaction was high throughout the study area for nearly all categories: quality, quantity, accessibility, affordability, and access. Kind of Study: Randomized Control Trial (RCT). Grey literature. Sample Size: 10 randomly selected rural water supply projects out of 43 projects in Lempira, Honduras. Timing of Study: July 12-22, 2006.
J. Paul Getty Trust;
Summarizes historic research and scientific studies on the stone and mortar materials, biological colonization, condition, and environment of the stairway. Outlines the conservation history and proposes options for future conservation and monitoring.
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
This paper presents a broad overview of economic and social trends in Honduras since 2006, including the years following the military coup of June 2009. It finds that economic inequality in Honduras has increased dramatically since 2010, while poverty has worsened, unemployment has increased and underemployment has risen sharply, with many more workers receiving less than the minimum wage. While some of the decline was initially due to the global recession that began in 2008, much of it is a result of policy choices, including a decrease in social spending.
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
En este informe presentamos un resumen general de las tendencias económicas y sociales en Honduras desde el año 2006, incluso durante los años tras el golpe militar de junio de 2009. El informe muestra que la desigualdad económica en Honduras ha aumentado dramáticamente desde 2010, mientras que la pobreza ha empeorado, el desempleo ha aumentado y el subempleo ha aumentado bruscamente, con muchos más trabajadores percibiendo un ingreso menor al salario mínimo.
Pew Hispanic Center;
Presents findings from a series of surveys and focus groups conducted in 2003, on remittance sending and receiving from 11,000 individuals in the U.S., Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Ecuador.
World Resources Institute (WRI);
This report analyzes the growing body of evidence linking community forest rights with healthier forests and lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
This report makes a strong case for strengthening the rights of indigenous and local communities over their forests as a policy tool for mitigating climate change.
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
In October 2014, the Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) at Vanderbilt University published an impact assessment study of community-based violence prevention programs that have been implemented under the umbrella of the US State Department's Central American Regional Security Initiative (CARSI). The study looked at survey data measuring public perceptions of crime in 127 treatment and control neighborhoods in municipalities in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama where the violence prevention programs have been implemented. The study's authors stated that the data shows that "in several key respects the programs have been a success" and note, for instance, that 51 percent fewer residents of "treated" communities reported being aware of murders and extortion incidents during the previous 12 months, and 19 percent fewer residents reported having heard about robberies having occurred.
As the LAPOP study is, to date, the only publicly accessible impact assessment of programs carried out under CARSI -- a notoriously opaque regional assistance scheme that has received hundreds of millions of dollars of US government funding -- a thorough review of the LAPOP study data seemed appropriate.
The following report examines the data collected during the LAPOP study and subjects them to a number of statistical tests. The authors find that the study cannot support the conclusion that the areas subject to treatment in the CARSI programs showed better results than those areas that were not.
This report identifies major problems with the LAPOP study, namely, the nonrandomness of the selection of treatment versus control areas and how the differences in initial conditions, as well as differences in results between treatment and control areas, have been interpreted. In the case of reported robberies, if the areas subject to treatment have an elevated level of reported robberies in the year prior to treatment, it is possible that there is some reversion to normal levels over the next year. The LAPOP methodology does not differentiate between effective treatment and, for example, an unrelated decline in reported robberies in a treated area following a year with an abnormally high number of reported robberies. The series of statistical tests in this report indicate that this possibility is quite plausible, and cannot be ruled out; and that the LAPOP study, therefore, does not demonstrate a statistically significant positive effect of treatment. The same can be said for the other variables where the LAPOP study finds significant improvement.
Coral Reef Alliance;
Over the past year, we have accomplished a great deal in our efforts to save coral reefs and we are excited to share these successes in our 2015 Annual Report. We also want to share our vision for the future of coral reefs and how this inspires our ongoing work. Many of the benefits from our reefs depend on living corals. Corals are the architects of the reef, and build the structures that provide nurseries and shelter for millions of sea animals. They provide people with livelihoods from fisheries and tourism, storm protection and sources for new medicines. These benefits are at risk as coral reefs decline around the world, but together, we can save them. Corals are struggling due to local pressures and global climate change; however, we have identified a solution that will help corals build reefs and maintain the needed benefits for people and wildlife. The answer is in the corals themselves. Corals are incredibly diverse, with many species and varieties spread across the reefs. Corals haveadapted for hundreds of millions of years, and if allowed, will continue to do so. For example, some corals can live in warmer water; others can thrive in polluted oceans. Special corals like these, and their offspring, may be best suited for the reefs of the future. Our aim is to ensure that enough of these corals survive on enough healthy coral reefs so they can repopulate other nearby reef sites. In this way, corals—and everything that depends on them—will have an opportunity to adapt to a changing environment.