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Feeding America (formerly America's Second Harvest);
This report presents information on the clients and agencies served by the St. Louis Area Food Bank. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2006, conducted for America's Second Harvest (A2H), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed in-person interviews with more than 52,000 clients served by the A2H food bank network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 30,000 A2H agencies. The study summarized below focuses mainly on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the A2H network.
Key Findings: The A2H system served by the St. Louis Area Food Bank provides food for an
estimated 193,100 different people annually.32% of the members of households served by the St. Louis Area Food Bank are
children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).23% of client households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1).Among client households with children, 86% are food insecure and 44% are
experiencing hunger (Table 6.1.1).58% of clients served by the St. Louis Area Food Bank report having to choose
between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1).32% of clients had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1).34% of households served by the St. Louis Area Food Bank report having at least
one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)The St. Louis Area Food Bank included approximately 426 agencies at the
administration of this survey, of which 315 have responded to the agency survey.
Of the responding agencies, 218 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or
shelter.76% of pantries, 67% of kitchens, and 60% of shelters are run by faith-based
agencies affiliated with churches, mosques, synagogues, and other religious
organizations (Table 10.6.1).68% of pantries, 58% of kitchens, and 60% of shelters of the St. Louis Area Food
Bank reported that there had been an increase since 2001 in the number of clients
who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1).Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for the agencies,
accounting for 55% of the food used by pantries, 31% of kitchens' food, and 34%
of shelters' food (Table 13.1.1).For the St. Louis Area Food Bank, 96% of pantries, 75% of kitchens, and 73% of
shelters use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).
The Bridges to Work demonstration was designed to test whether efforts to help inner-city job seekers overcome barriers to accessing suburban jobs would result in better employment opportunities and earnings for these workers. This report examines outcomes for more than 1,800 applicants to Bridges to Work, half of whom were randomly selected to receive the programs transportation, job placement and supportive services for up to 18 months and half who were not offered these services. The researchers found that Bridges to Work did not positively impact participants employment and earnings, results that were consistent across cities and across various strategies for providing transportation services. Given the programs implementation challenges, costs and lack of results, the report concludes that the Bridges model is not a viable policy response to the mismatch between the location of jobs and the location of unemployed workers. However, the models lack of success does not diminish the importance of improving transportation options to increase workers access to employment, and the authors derive a number of important lessons from the demonstrations experience to inform future mobility efforts.
Feeding America (formerly America's Second Harvest);
This report presents information on the clients and agencies served by The St Louis Area Foodbank. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2010, conducted in 2009 for Feeding America (FA) (formerly America's Second Harvest), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed in-person interviews with more than 62,000 clients served by the FA national network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 37,000 FA agencies. The study summarized below focuses on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the FA network.
The FA system served by The St Louis Area Foodbank provides emergency food for an estimated 261,000 different people annually.39% of the members of households served by The St Louis Area Foodbank are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).42% of households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1).Among households with children, 79% are food insecure and 34% are food insecure with very low food security (Table 22.214.171.124).58% of clients served by The St Louis Area Foodbank report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1).42% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1).44% of households served by The St Louis Area Foodbank report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)The St Louis Area Foodbank included approximately 382 agencies at the administration of this survey, of which 283 have responded to the agency survey. Of the responding agencies, 247 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or shelter.65% of pantries, 44% of kitchens, and 39% of shelters are run by faith-based agencies affiliated with churches, mosques, synagogues, and other religious organizations (Table 10.6.1).Among programs that existed in 2006, 90% of pantries, 77% of kitchens, and 74% of shelters of The St Louis Area Foodbank reported that there had been an increase since 2006 in the number of clients who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1).Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for agencies with emergency food providers, accounting for 63% of the food distributed by pantries, 38% of the food distributed by kitchens, and 40% of the food distributed by shelters (Table 13.1.1).As many as 95% of pantries, 94% of kitchens, and 81% of shelters in The St Louis Area Foodbank use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).
The National Insurance Task Force (NITF) has conducted three, two-day classes of its Certified Insurance Counselor Training Program at Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation Training Institutes. These were held August 30-31, 1999; October 16-17, 2000; and October 15-16, 2001. There were 25 participants in each class, yielding a total of 75 certified insurance counselors. These counselors returned to their local nonprofit organizations equipped with a training manual, a PowerPoint presentation, and a new understanding of the insurance industry and of clients' insurance needs.
In early 2002, the NITF education subcommittee decided to commission an analysis that would examine and summarize the impact of its education efforts on community development organizations and the residents they serve. Toward that end, NITF staff and consultants conducted surveys and/or interviews of: 15 randomly selected community development practitioners who completed the training; and37 residents who participated in the NITF Home Safety programs. These survey were given during focus-group sessions in St. Louis (Missouri), Staten Island (New York) and Richmond (Virginia).Copies of these survey forms are contained in this report.
Both the surveys and in-depth interviews with five practitioners assessed the following:The quality of the Certified Insurance Counselor Training Program (CICTP);The value of insurance education;Perceptions of the insurance industry by residents both before and after they received insurance education;The impact of insurance-education programs on individuals and on communities;Information on the kinds of insurance residents wished to know more about; andAny other insights that might prove valuable to NITF in considering the overall effectiveness of its insurance education programs.
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation;
This paper documents the resurgence of entrepreneurial activity in St. Louis by reporting on the collaboration and local learning within the startup community. This activity is happening both between entrepreneurs and between organizations that provide support, such as mentoring and funding, to entrepreneurs. As these connections deepen, the strength of the entrepreneurial ecosystem grows. Another finding from the research is that activity-based events, where entrepreneurs have the chance to use and practice the skills needed to grow their businesses, are most useful. St. Louis provides a multitude of these activities, such as Startup Weekend, 1 Million Cups, Code Until Dawn, StartLouis, and GlobalHack. Some of these are St. Louis specific, but others have nationwide or global operations, providing important implications for other cities.
Cities for Financial Empowerment Fund;
Across the country, municipal Summer Youth Employment Programs (SYEPs) provide hundreds of thousands of young people, often from low-income communities, with short-term work experience and a regular paycheck. Building off this existing, widespread infrastructure and connection to young people, the Citi Foundation and the Cities for Financial Empowerment Fund (CFE Fund) saw an opportunity to connect young workers to bank accounts and targeted financial education, turning this large-scale youth employment program into a linchpin for building long-term positive financial behaviors. More broadly, Summer Jobs Connect (SJC) demonstrates how banking access efforts can be embedded in municipal infrastructure, a core goal of the CFE Fund's national Bank On initiative.
Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity;
In April 2014, a convening of national housing equity experts was hosted in Jacksonville, Florida by the Jessie Ball duPont Fund. The convening's purpose was to gain insight from national stakeholders on affordable housing and equitable development challenges and opportunities in Jacksonville. From this two-day engagement, a number of major challenges and opportunities facing Jacksonville's housing development were clearly identified. Two of these findings directly inform this research effort.
First, to meet the needs of Jacksonville's marginalized communities, an intentional focus on equity must stay at the forefront of community housing and development strategies. Second, if equity-focused development efforts are better aligned with health and/or educational stakeholders, affordable housing and equitable development could blossom in Jacksonville.
Stable and affordable housing is essential to educational success and positive health outcomes for families and for communities. While the linkage between housing and educational and health outcomes is clear, educational and health stakeholders have not traditionally been deeply engaged in meeting housing need. Emerging initiatives across the country are countering this disengagement, demonstrating the important role that anchor institutions can play in supporting local housing needs. Community anchor institutions, such as educational entities (particularly higher education) and health care organizations can be powerful institutional resources to support equitable housing and community development. Throughout the nation, successful anchor institute-led housing interventions have been transformational in addressing community housing needs and community revitalization. These efforts have been most effective when equity goals are integrated into the design and implementation of anchor institute-led housing efforts.
The following report provides select case studies with a strong social equity focus and comparability to Jacksonville. We identify lessons learned and summarize models which can be equally transformative in Jacksonville from these case studies. We also draw upon recent research and scholarship, and our own interviews with experts and practitioners. The goal of providing these lessons learned and model practices is to help inform, and potentially engage, various anchor institutes in Jacksonville -- organizations with resources that could help meet community housing needs and support equitable community development. This could help strengthen social, educational, economic and health outcomes for all of Jacksonville, including its most vulnerable residents.
Center for Neighborhood Technology;
This report examines the impacts of transportation spending on households in the 28 metro areas for which the federal government collects expenditure data and of rising gas prices on both households and regional economies. It finds that households in regions that have invested in public transportation reap financial benefits from having access to affordable mobility options, even as gas prices rise, and that regions with public transit are losing less per household from the increase in gas prices than those without transit options.
While many low-income, inner-city job seekers are isolated from economic opportunities in the suburbs, transportation alone is unlikely to improve their employment prospects, according to the authors of this report. Based on the lessons of P/PV's $17 million five-city Bridges to Work demonstration, the report indicates that while transportation was certainly critical, much of the sites' success depended more on their ability to recruit, prepare and support job seekers, the essential components of any workforce development program.
In the mid-1990s, P/PV launched the Bridges to Work demonstration to test the idea that improved access to suburban jobs might benefit low-income urban residents. The project sought to measure the impact of reverse-commuting initiatives in five major cities: Baltimore, Chicago, Denver, Milwaukee and St. Louis. While the project was carefully planned, program staff still faced numerous unforeseen events that required program directors to adapt the design to meet local needs, impediments, and opportunities, while maintaining the quality of the original design. In the Drivers Seat examines the experiences of five project directors and their ability to address the challenges that arose, including discrimination in the workplace, ethical issues with random assignment, and difficulties in recruitment and placement.
Cambridge Journal of Education;
This paper reports a research study into the effects of rich,sustained visual arts instruction on 103inner city 9-year-olds in two major US cities. We use the lenses of social learning theory, theories of motivation and self-efficacy, and recentresearch on artistic thinking to investigate the programs' effects on children's self-beliefs and creative thinking. The study enlisted a pre -- post measure,treatment-comparison group design along with structured observations of participant andcomparison group classrooms. The arts students made significant comparative gains on a selfefficacy scale and on an 'originality' subscale of a standard creativity test. These effects are attributed to children's engagement in art and to the social organization of instruction includingreinforcing peer and student -- adult relationships. Relationships between self-efficacy beliefs andtendencies to think originally are explored.
Saint Louis University;
There is growing awareness that the conditions in which people live, learn, work, and play have a strong impact on their health. In fact, policies that address factors like education could have a bigger influence on health than all medical advances combined.
They may also help to prevent early death, giving families and communities more years of life to enjoy.There is good news. Our community has come together to increase access to health care for its vulnerable citizens, and in the past ten years we've seen improvements in health among St. Louis residents.