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Center for Economic and Policy Research;
In 1982, the United States experienced the highest annual unemployment rate since the Great Depression -- 9.7 percent. In principle, that rate is directly comparable to the 8.1 percent seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for February 2009, and suggests that current unemployment is still not as bad as it was in 1982.
The official unemployment rate, however, masks two important differences between the unemployment rate in 1982 and today. The first difference is demographic. In 1982, the US population was substantially younger than it is today. Even in an otherwise identical economy, we would expect a younger population to have a higher unemployment rate than an older population would. The second difference is statistical. The main government survey used to measure the unemployment rate -- the Current Population Survey (CPS) reaches a smaller share of the population today than it did in 1982, and is especially likely to miss people who are not employed. As a result, the official unemployment rate understates the unemployment rate relative to 1982.
Population Action International;
U.S. international family planning assistance is one of the great success stories in the history of U.S. development assistance. In 2007, 56.5 million women in the developing world were using modern contraception as a direct result of U.S. support. Many millions more have benefited indirectly from service improvements resulting from the guidance and technical expertise of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Unfortunately a large and growing need for family planning remains in many developing nations. While the world population continues to grow by 79 million people annually, 215 million women in developing countries seek to postpone childbearing, space births, or stop having children, but are not using a modern method of contraception. The United States can lead international efforts to meet the unmet need for family planning by appropriating $1 billion annually. The $1 billion figure is the U.S. fair share of developed country contributions necessary to address unmet need in the developing world and would also fulfill our historic commitments to the U.N. Millennium Development Goals.
Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission;
Research has shown that the synergy effects between clusters result in higher productivity; encourage knowledge spillover and innovation; and facilitate the formation of new businesses. This report evaluates the importance and vitality of key regional clusters by considering total employment, location quotients, and the number of basic jobs for clusters of traded industries, as defined by the U.S. Cluster Mapping Project. The report also provides a shift-share analysis to identify how much of the regional employment change in each cluster was the result of regional competiveness rather than national or industry-specific trends, which can shed light on the strengths and weaknesses of specific industries. Finally, the report illustrates the locations of employers in each of 13 basic clusters, using data from the National Establishments Time Series (NETS) database.
Reviews a fellowship program that enables early- to midcareer professionals to take a yearlong sabbatical to study healthcare policy issues, the fellows' impact on the field through research and publications, challenges, and lessons learned.
Public Welfare Foundation;
Describes how foundations helped transform the district's juvenile justice system, replacing a large prison with a smaller facility designed for rehabilitation and development, and reduced recidivism using community-based alternatives. Outlines lessons.
This report documents the experience of three schools that were beginning to implement the IHAD model which combines mentoring with a guarantee of financial support during postsecondary education. They were observed for one year in the first independent evaluation of this approach. Although the study was too short-term to assess impacts, the study found the model promising.
Annie E. Casey Foundation;
Examines the implementation of a federal government/local joint scholarship initiative for underserved youth. Includes a chronicle of activities, profiles of scholarship families, and an outline of lessons learned during the first year of the program.
Americans for the Arts;
This pamphlet explores how an increasing number of communities are realizing that art programs for at-risk youth offer an effective and more affordable alternative to detention and police-centered crime prevention.
Performing Arts Workshop;
Over the course of three years, Performing Arts Workshop and evaluators measured five goals of the Workshop's Artists-in-Schools program. These goals were: to improve student critical thinking in the arts, to use the arts to positively impact academic performance, to identify problems in teaching at-risk youth, to use the arts to develop pro-social behavior, and to institutionalize arts and arts education in school settings to increase sustainability. The ability of the Artists-in-Schools program to meet these goals is examined through a quasi-experimental, mixed-method research design in the following reports.
Performing Arts Workshop;
Over the course of three years, Performing Arts Workshop and evaluators measured five goals of the Workshop's Artists-in-Schools program. These goals were: to improve student critical thinking in the arts, to use the arts to positively impact academic performance, to identify problems in teaching at-risk youth, to use the arts to develop pro-social behavior, and to institutionalize arts and arts education in school settings to increase sustainability. The ability of the Artists-in-Schools program to meet these goals is examined through a quasi-experimental, mixed-method research design.
International Center for Research on Women (ICRW);
Globally the garment industry is one of the biggest employers of low-skilled women workers. Despite their large numbers in the workforce, relatively few female garment workers advance to higher-level positions as they have limited opportunities to acquire the skills that would enable their professional and personal growth. In response to this need, Gap Inc. initiated the P.A.C.E. (Personal Advancement & Career Enhancement) workplace education program to teach women the managerial, interpersonal, organizational and other practical skills needed to move forward in work and in life.
This report summarizes findings from program evaluations conducted by ICRW from 2009 - 2013 at six factory sites where P.A.C.E. is implemented - two in India and one each in Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh and China.
Research findings from these robust, multi-country evaluations demonstrate that P.A.C.E. is an effective, sustainable and scalable model that yields high returns for women, their families and the businesses where they work.
Center for Effective Philanthropy;
Highlights findings from a survey of U.S. and overseas grantees on WKKF's impact on grantees, their work, and their fields; understanding of their goals and strategies; non-monetary assistance; communications; and selection and evaluation processes.